IS A process by which an organisation ensures that it has the right number & kind of people at the right place and at the right time, capable of effectively and efficiently completing those tasks that help the organisation achieve its overall objectives..
ADVANTAGES OF HR PLANNING
Importance of HR PLANNING
• 1) Each Organisation needs personnel with necessary qualifications, skills, knowledge, experience & aptitude . • 2) Need for Replacement of Personnel - Replacing old, retired or disabled personnel. • 3) Meet manpower shortages due to labour turnover
• 4) Meet needs of expansion / downsizing programmes • 5) Cater to Future Personnel Needs
• 6) Nature of present workforce in relation with Changing Environment - helps to cope with changes in competitive forces, markets, technology, products and government regulations. Shift in demand from ERP to internet programming has increased internet programmers .
HOW HR PLANNING COULD BE USED
i) quantify job for producing product / service
ii) quantify people & positions required
ii) determine future staff-mix
iii) assess staffing levels to avoid unnecessary costs
iv) reduce delays in procuring staff
v) prevent shortage / excess of staff
vi) comply with legal requirements
------------------------------------------------------------- Human resource planning is the process of anticipating and
carrying out the movement of people into, within, and out of the organization. Human resources planning is done to achieve the optimum use of human resources and to have the correct
number and types of employees needed to meet organizational
Thus, it is a double-edged weapon. If used properly, it leads not only to proper utilization, but also reduces excessive labor turnover and high absenteeism, and improves productivity.
It can also be defined as the task of assessing and anticipating the skill, knowledge and labor time requirements of the
organization, and initiating action to fulfill or ‘source” those requirements. Thus, if the organization as a whole or one of its subsystem is not performing to the benchmark, in other words, it is declining, it may need to plan a reduction or redeploys its existing labor force.
On the other hand, if it is growing or diversifying, it might need to find and tap into a source of suitably skilled labor . That is why; we need to plan in advance even for procuring
human resources, which in contrast to a general myth are not abundant!! Thus, in the same line, we propose that organization can achieve its goals effective through effective contingencies of all the HR functions; for example, the structure of an
organization and the design of the job within it affect an
organization’s ability to achieve only through the efforts of people. It is essential therefore, those jobs within the organization be staffed with the personnel who are qualified to perform
them. Meeting these staffing needs requires effective planning for human resources
HENCE “HR planning is the process –
including forecasting, developing and controlling by which a firm ensures that it has-
The right number of people,•
The right kind of people,•
At the right places,•
At the right time, doing work for which they are•
economically most useful”.
Why has HR planning increased in importance.
-demand for skilled workers
-mobility of workers
-need for productivity improvements
-need for efficient growth
-diversity in workforce
-forward planning of resorces
-provides a planned hr resources
WHY HRP IS SO IMPORTANT TO BUSINESS/ ORGANIZATIONS
Forecasting future manpower requirements, where we
use mathematical projections to project trends in the
economic environment and development of the...
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