To what extent was the national government responsible for the failure of political extremism during the 1930s.

Topics: Extremism, Democracy, Political spectrum Pages: 2 (647 words) Published: September 22, 2014

The national government was responsible for the failure of political extremism during the 1930s through direct and indirect measures. However, the existence of the labour party, European events and internal weaknesses of the extremist parties all contributed to their failure.

One of the main ways the national government was responsible for the failure of political extremism in the 1930s was through direct action. The government introduced two acts, the Public order act of 1936 and the Incitement of Disaffection Act of 1934. The law introduced in 1936 stopped the extremists from wearing uniforms and gave the police power to stop political demonstrations and meetings. The other law introduced in 1934 enabled the police to arrest anyone who showed signs of extreme violence. Both of these direct actions from the government made political extremism fail because the people in the party were being arrested before they could protest and express their parties policies fully.

Another major way the national government was responsible for the failure of political extremism in the 1930s was through indirect action. This was mainly due to the patchy economy, the government had helped to keep the economy looking positive, which contrasted to european countries, like Germany, whose economy was looking quite negative. This lead voters away from political extremism because the economy was improving, in 1931 the unemployment rate was 2.62million, but, by 1937 it was 1.48 million and continued to decrease to 0.96million in 1940. This indirect action made political extremism fail because people seen that the economy and country was improving, so didn’t feel the need to vote for extremist parties.

An important factor, which was not because of the national government, resulted into the failure of political extremism was the existence of the labour party. The labour party cancelled out both extremist parties because the labour party attracted working class, they were...
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