The Ageing Society of Japan under the Philippine Care
The objective of the study aims to be fully aware in today’s phenomenal social issue of Ageing Society of Japan, the economic hegemon in Southeast Asia and how the government of Philippines help hand in hand with their social services in terms of manpower. This study focuses only on causes of population ageing in Japan, the problems exist in the Japanese family settings, and how they were able to handle its ageing society, the policy regarding the social welfare in health and medical services as a solution to the social issue the government of Japan has come up with. Thus; focuses and tackles only with the related issues pertaining to the accomplishment of this study. The term Ageing is best define as the “organic process of growing older and showing effects of increasing age, aging; biological process, furthermore acquiring desirable qualities by being left undisturbed for some time, aging; mellowing” (Wordweb). Thus, the term aging doesn’t only talk with the literal meaning age or but it also encompasses, culture, the biological world, the people, the language, traditions etc. hence; “Our global population is aging, and aging at an unprecedented rate, Japan’s population aging is a salient example of such worldwide trends. Japan was first to experience fertility decline in the post war period and recorded as the greatest decline in the national fertility among all the industrialize nations” (Ogawa, 2003) The Ageing society doesn’t only talks with Japan, as it is the most common problems of the highly industrialized develop countries, namely France, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden, United Kingdom, and China and not to mention America is also experiencing this kind of social issue. “The term ‘population ageing’ has become a household word for average citizen in Japan. It is viewed almost unanimously here as a process causing shortages of young labour, sluggish economic growth and higher tax burdens to support social security for the elderly” (Kono, 2003). The total population of Japan as “2005 census made by the National Institute of Population and Social Security Research accounts into 127 million but estimated to decline into 115 million in 2030” (Muramatsu, 2011). Life expectancy for men in Japan was 78.1 years for men and 84.9 years for women, regarded as the highest in the world. It is because of the declining fertility rate and low mortality rate that proliferates the ageing society. The increasing and rapid coming of Ageing population in Japan was depicted from 1970 to early 1980’s comprises 10% of the total population, meaning the ratio of the elderly over children is increasing. In the 21st century the demographic transition of the age profile of the Japanese was decreasing from high birth and death rate to low birth and death rate. According to the United Nation’s report published in 1965 the population is arbitrarily defined as “ aged” or “ageing” is when the percentage of the old people aged 65 and over exceeds seven percent (7%), but in the presents authors views the threshold value of 10% seems more appropriate. The sharp transformation of the change age profile, proportion of the aged, Old-age dependency ratio and the elderly/children ratio made by the National Institute of Population and Social Security Research in 2002 and the future pace of ageing in Japan is rapidly increasing thus, Japan is predicted as the most “aged” country in the world in the 21st century. Factors affecting these rapidly increasing ratios are but of coursed influence by the dwindling fertility rate of Japan due to the postponement of marriage, competitive entrance examination and mass-consumption of cultures, this is according to the statistics of Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, (Vital Statistics 2001, Japan), Vol.1, 2002 the reasons of the speed fertility decline in the post war years was so rapid. It is remarkable that crude birth rate which was 34.3 per 1000...
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