Summary Of The Conflict Theory

Topics: Sociology, Marxism, Karl Marx Pages: 12 (512 words) Published: February 28, 2015
SUMMARY OF
THE CONFLICT
THEORY
KARL MARX’S
VIEW ON CRIME

WHAT IS CRIME ?


An action or omission that constitutes an offense
that may be prosecuted by the state and is
punishable by law.



A crime is an act that breaks a law that relates to
how to behave in society. The harm caused by the
act is seen to be against society as a whole, not just
a specific person.





Marxist views on deviance adopt a
conflict-structuralist stance.
The economic base or infrastructure
determines the precise nature of
superstructure, i.e. the way the
economy is organized will determine
the norms, values and what is defined
deviant.







According to Marxists capitalism is
based on oppression and economic
exploitation of the majority.
It creates a dog eat dog world in which
greed, violence and corruption flourish
Marxists states that crime happen as a
result of inequality and poverty

MARXIST VIEW ON
CRIME






Marxist sees crime and deviance as not coming
from moral or hereditary defects but defects within
society.
They see crime as an inevitable part of capitalism
which stems from social inequalities within a
society.
Working-class crime is caused by labor
exploitation and material misery.

MARXIST’S VIEW ON
CRIME (CONT’D)
Marxist’s criminology blames
mainly the competitive nature of
the capitalist system for crime.


This view basically says that the
poor commit crime due to anger,
frustration and need while the
wealthy engage in illegal activity to
maintain their position in society,
and that the wealthy are used to
this competition as it is a must in
order to maintain their social
stance.

MARXIST’S VIEW ON
CRIME (CONT’D)


Therefore theft is an
expression of
exploitation and is a
political act of the
proletariat against
the bourgeoisie.



Marxists say that the
ruling class will
violate laws and go
unpunished while
members of the
subject class will be
punished



Crime diverts the working-class's
attention from the exploitation they
experience; it contains their resistance

MARXIST’S VIEW ON
CRIME (CONT’D)






They say crime is a reaction to the life condition’s
of a person’s social class.
It changes from society to society depending on
the political and economic make up of that society.
Crime will continue in capitalist societies because
they condone and encourage inequality and class
conflict and penal law will expand in relation to
that inequality and exploitation

CONFLICT THEORY


The conflict theory claims that crime is a result of
class conflict because the laws are created by those
in power to protect their rights and interests only.
It states that all crime in a society has a political
undertone. This concept was coined by Richard
Quinney; ‘the social reality of crime.’ The theory
was built on the foundation of the idea that the
justice system is biased on its design to protect the
wealthy

SUMMARY






Crime is cause by the
external force of
capitalism.
The social inequalities
caused by the economic
base (capitalism)
determines activity within
the superstructure(crimes
agents of social control)
Social- class exploitation
by the bourgeoisie over the
proletariat causes crime

Prepared by:

Aneal King

Jade Chow

Kayla Richards
c

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