METIS STUDENT HOUSING RESEARCH PROJECT: HOUSING THAT SUPPORTS METIS STUDENTS’ SCHOOL SUCCESS
Prepared by: Broxbourne International December 2004
Table of Contents
Executive Summary Acknowledgements 1. Research Problem 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Research Objectives 1.3 Background 1.4 Metis Education Indigenous Methodology 2.1 Procedures 2.1.1 Metis Student Informing 2.1.2 Metis Survey Questionnaires 2.1.3 Metis Talking Circles 2.2 Dissemination of Results 2.3 Research Design 2.4 Data Collection Instruments 2.5 Storage of Data Procedures 2.6 Data Analysis and Evaluation Results 3.1 Formal Vision and Objectives 3.2 Population and Forecasts 3.3 Metis Student Needs and Expectations 3.4 Solutions 3.5 Recommendation of Successful Model Conclusions and Recommendations 3 6 7 7 8 11 13 17 18 19 19 20 21 21 22 22 22 24 24 25 32 52 72 77 79
References Cited Appendix A Metis Student Survey Questionnaire Appendix B Metis Talking Circle Format
This project examined Metis student housing issues in Saskatoon within the context of the needs and challenges that Metis students face. Most importantly, the project provided suggestions on how to increase the effectiveness of housing development and strategies. Metis students were the eyes and voices of this project and the students described their perceptions, realities and hopes.
Recently, in Saskatoon, Aboriginal student housing has received some attention. However, little information is available on Metis student housing needs and issues, in particular with regard to housing relevant to Metis nationhood and their practices, customs and traditions. To address this gap, this project grew out of a proposal by Broxbourne International to the Bridges and Foundations Project on Urban Aboriginal Housing, to establish research focusing, specifically, on housing issues affecting the Metis student population, and research which would take into account the unique and constitutionally protected Metis traditions, practices and customs. It was proposed the research project relating to Metis students’ housing would be grounded within the context of Metis practices, customs and traditions. Accordingly, Broxbourne International undertook this challenge with educational institutions and scholars that have been involved in local, national and international education and Metis initiatives and as such, have a strong network and relationships with the Metis community as a whole, its members, students and Metis educational institutions and other education institutions that deliver services to Metis students. The primary student target groups were those attending the Saskatchewan Urban Teacher Education Program (SUNTEP), Gabriel Dumont Institute (GDI), Dumont Technical Institute (DTI) and Saskatchewan Institute of Applied Science and Technology – Kelsey Campus (SIAST) in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.
Overall, the goal for the research project was to ensure the targeted Metis students’ voices were heard in reference to their experiences with housing in Saskatoon. In an effort to competently grasp Metis student voices and show appropriate respect to
stakeholders, an Indigenous methodology was a critical component of the research development, gathering and analysis. The resulting report, Metis Student Housing Research Project: Housing that Supports Metis Student’ School Success, clearly demonstrates that the needs of Metis students are not being fully or even adequately met. The challenges of achieving an inclusive, respectful approach in housing policies, development and strategies requires the recognition that Metis students are not a homogeneous group. The research shows a clear need for a variety of housing options for Saskatoon’s Metis students seeking to attain accessible, affordable and adequate housing options. There are strong themes that emerge from the research; namely, Metis students overwhelmingly want to be a part of specific Metis housing...
Barber, Christel Anne, “A Study of Factors Influencing Persistence in the Regina SUNTEP Program,” Unpub. Master’s thesis, University of Regina, 1986. Bouvier, R. “Specialized Training in the Saskatchewan Urban Teacher Education Program: A Case Study”. Unpub. Master’s thesis, University of Saskatchewan, 1984. Canadian Housing and Renewal Association, Health and Housing: A Call to Action, National Symposium of Health and Housing, Calgary, October 2-4, 2003. Cooper, Merrill, CPRN Discussion Paper No. F/11: Housing Affordability: A Children’s Issue, Ottawa: Canadian Policy Research Networks, January, 2001 Conrad, John, “Characteristics of Effective Postsecondary Student Residences”, CED 670 Independent Study Report, Central Michigan University, December, 2002. Deyhle, Donna and Karen Swisher, “Research in American Indian and Alaska Native Education: From Assimilation to Self-determination” in M.W. Apple (Ed.) Research in Education 22, Washington, D.C.: American Educational Research Association, 1997. Deyhle, D. “Navajo Racism and Anglo Racism: Cultural Integrity and Resistance” Harvard Educational Review, 65, 1995, 403-444. Gabriel Dumont Institute of Native Studies and Applied Research, 2002 Update Report , Regina: Gabriel Dumont Institute, 2002. National Aboriginal Housing Association, A New Beginning: The National Non-Reserve Aboriginal Housing Strategy, Ottawa, March, 2004. O’Donnell, Vivian and Heather Tait, “Well-Being of the non-reserve Aboriginal population” Canadian Social Trends, Spring 2004, pp. 19-23. Schwartz, J. “Native Americans in a Southwestern University: A Study of the impact of Traditionality in Higher Education” Unpub master’s thesis, Northern Arizona State University, 1985. Siggner, Andrew J., “A Demographic and Socio-Economic Profile of the Metis in Canada”, Power Point presentation prepared for the conference, “Metis in the 21st Century”, Saskatoon, June 18-20, 2003. Statistics Canada, 2001 Census: Analysis Series Aboriginal Peoples of Canada: A Democratic Profile, Ottawa, Cat. No. 96F0030X1E2001007. Statistics Canada, Aboriginal Peoples Survey 2001 – initial findings: Well-being of the non-reserve Aboriginal Population, Ottawa: Minister of Industry, 2003.
Métis Student Housing Research Survey
Survey Background Information Thank you for taking the time to complete this survey. The information gathered from the completed surveys will be kept strictly confidential and will be destroyed once all the data has been analyzed and interpreted. Bridges and Foundations: CURA (Community University Research Alliances) agreed to support the Broxbourne International Inc. proposal to examine the housing issues of Métis students in the City of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. The opinions of Métis students are greatly appreciated and will be respected and taken very seriously. The main focus for the research project is to “obtain a portrait of Métis student housing needs at the post-secondary and adult education level and most importantly, provide suggestions to housing institutions and agencies on housing development issues important to Métis students”. Through this project, the Research Team will attempt to capture Métis students’ voices and concerns to assist in the creation of successful respectful housing options. The Final Report will be made available to the community and participating Métis students. It is hoped the results of the Final Report will assist in housing development targeting the needs of Métis students. Please note that at the end of the survey, there is an opportunity for participants to enter into a draw and/or participate in further dialogue with the Research Interns, Ms. Allison Lachance and Ms. Brenda Maire. Following is our contact information; please do not hesitate to contact us if you have any questions or comments. Thank you again for taking the time to participate in this worthy project that we hope will assist in Métis student voices and opinions being heard in future housing developments.
Wanda McCaslin, B.A., LL.B. Researcher 101 Diefenbaker Place Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5B8 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: (306) 966-6193 Fax: (306) 966-5081 Cathy Littlejohn, B.A. M.Ed., Ph.D. Researcher Saskatoon, Saskatchewan Jerry Hammersmith, B. Ed., M. Ed., C.M.C Researcher Saskatoon, Saskatchewan Brenda Maire, B.A. (Honours) Research Intern Tel: (306) 9341711 Allison Lachance, B.A. (Hon. Candidate) Research Intern Tel: (306) 966-6193
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