Reflections of Late Adulthood

Topics: Old age, Erikson's stages of psychosocial development, Developmental psychology Pages: 3 (789 words) Published: February 4, 2012
Reflections of Late Adulthood and Ego-Integrity
Kristy Bazzanella
Liberty University

Abstract
This report examined empirical articles which investigated Erikson’s eight and ninth stages of psychosocial development and endeavored to find answers to varying postulations of his theories; does development and growth continue in the later stages of human development, and if so, what type of growth is it; additionally is this growth stunted or enhanced by the way we resolve our conflicts between these stages: are ego-integrity and cohesion reached in Late Adulthood? A total of ten empirical articles were reviewed. These articles discussed Erikson’s resolutions of the eight and ninth stages of development as well as theories postulated by others like Aaron Antonovsky, who proposed the theory of coherence, Lars Tornstam, who proposed gerotranscendence, a theory about maturing into old age and Abraham Maslow’s theory of transcendence. The subjects studied were diverse, as they included both men and women from different ethnicities and generational backgrounds. Interviews were conducted and numerous questionnaires were generated and distributed either in person or via the mail service. The empirical articles revealed that growth does continue to occur in the Late Adulthood, however such growth was dependent on how individuals chose to resolve conflicts between earlier developmental stages; for example people whose resolutions resulted in negative affect were found to have been more likely to have experienced depression in their later years, making the golden years a time of regret. There is much opportunity for the counselor to help the elderly in the healing process through the narrative recreation of their life story, and in this narrative reconstruction restore ego-integrity and achieve coherence.

Reflections of Late Adulthood and Ego-Integrity
Advances in medical practices and the treatment of disease have resulted in a extension of the period of Late...

References: Brown, C., & Lowis, M. J. (2003). Psychosocial development in the elderly: An investigation into Erikson 's ninth stage. Journal of Aging Studies. 17(4), 415-24. doi:10.1016/S0890-4065(03)00061-6.
Chaonan, C. (2003).Revisiting the disengagement theory with differentials on the determinations of life satisfaction. Social Indicators Research, 64(2), 209-224. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Dalby, P. P. (2006). Is there a process of spiritual change or development associated with ageing? A critical review of research. Aging & Mental Health, 10(1), 4-12. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Domino, G. (1989). Measuring effective functioning in the elderly: an application of erikson 's theory. Journal of Personality Assessment, 53(2), 319. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Hagberg, B. & Rennemark, M. B. (1997). Sense of coherence among the elderly in relation to their perceived life history in an Eriksonian perspective. Aging & Mental Health, 1(3), 221-229. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Rennemark, M. B. (1997). Social network patterns among the elderly in relation to their perceived life history in an Eriksonian perspective. Aging & Mental Health, 1(4), 321-331. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Santor, D. C. (1994). Depressive Symptoms: Effects of Negative Affectivity and Failing to Accept the Past. Journal of Personality Assessment, 63(2), 294. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Sheldon, K.; Kasser,T (2001). Getting older, getting better? Personal strivings and psychological maturity across the life span. Developmental Psychology, 37(4), 491-501. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.37.4.491.
Whiting, P. J. (2007). Artful Witnessing of the Story: Loss in Aging Adults. Adultspan: Theory Research & Practice, 6(2), 119-128. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Yount, W. R. (2009). Transcendence and Aging: The Secular Insights of Erikson and Maslow. Journal of Religion, Spirituality & Aging, 21(1/2), 73-87. doi:10.1080/15528030802265361.
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Late Adulthood Essay
  • Late Adulthood Essay
  • Essay about Late Adulthood
  • Late Adulthood and Death Research Paper
  • Late Adulthood Essay
  • Late Adulthood Essay
  • Late Adulthood Essay
  • Late adulthood Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free