Problem of Ageing in India

Topics: Gerontology, Ageing, Retirement Pages: 3 (666 words) Published: May 8, 2013

Submitted by :Ranjana LaskarResearch scholar (M.Phil.)Department of geographySession: 2013-14Date – 05 May, 2013| |

Elderly or old age consists of ages nearing the average life span of human beings. The boundary of old age cannot be defined exactly. It varies according to societies. In India, the old age or the grey population accounted for 6.7% of total population in 1991. This rose to 7.4% in 2001 census and then again further increased to 8.2% in 2011. This is again projected to increase to more than 10% by the year 2021.

Elderly issues are multi-dimensional in nature. They may be broadly categorised as: 1. Demographic
2. Social
3. Psychological
4. Economic
5. Health
1. Demographic: Aged population in India is second largest in the world after China. 3/4th of elderly people live in rural areas (census 2001). Population projections show that by 2050, the elderly population in India will surpass the population of children below 14 years. Widowed elderly females are greater in proportion (51%) as compared to males (15%) (census 2001). Literacy is 53% among elderly males and only 20% among elderly females. 1/3rd of this elderly population live below poverty line. 2. Social: The growth of individualism and materialism among the younger generation in modern life led to their alienation and isolation from family and society, contrasting to the features of traditional Indian society. At present, most of the elderly people have also lost their role as decision-makers. Hence they suffer a loss of status. 3. Psychological: It was also observed that these elderly people also face psychological disorders. Their capability of reasoning becomes slower, memory is impaired, enthusiasm decreases, cautiousness increases and sleep pattern changes. This results to poor adjustment and dissatisfaction with life. 4. Economic: Nearly 90% of the total workforce is under unorganised...
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