THE NATIONAL AGEING POLICY.
By Fadhili Madaga
University of Dar es salaam
Masters in Educational Management and Administration Candidate.
The National Policy on Ageing has its root in the Second World Assembly on the ageing which adopted its main outcome document,’ a Political Declaration and Madrid International Plan of Action, 2002; This committed governments to meet the challenges of population and provided the world policy makers with a set of 117 concrete recommendations covering three main priority directions which included, Older persons and development, Maintaining health and well-being into old age and Ensuring enabling and supportive environments for the elderly
The assembly recognized the importance of placing ageing in the context of strategies for eradication of poverty, as well as efforts to achieve full participation of all developing countries in the world economy. Furthermore, the Second World Assembly promoted a new recognition that ageing was not simply an issue of social security and welfare but of overall development and economic policy.
Indeed, this gave Tanzania a challenge to develop a policy on the ageing called “The National Policy on Ageing issued out in September 2003”
As explained earlier, this policy was formulated following the presence of an increase in the number of people in developing countries particularly Tanzania, thus failure to cater for old people’s health, nutrition and other basic services essential for human life. In this case strategies were needed to grant effective services delivery (accommodate and reflect the needs of the elderly in 21st century.
Basing on the United Organization (UN) report (1999), it was estimated an existence of 200 million people aged 60 years and above in 1975 that number increased to 350 million people and expected to reach 625 million people by 2005. It was also expected that by the year 2050 the number of old people will have increased from the present 38 to 212 millions in the Africa alone.
The policy revisits the state of old people as they face a number of problems which include poverty, in adequate health services, pensions and lack of participations in important decisions which in turn affecting national development.
The National ageing policy is a useful guide to the Ministry of Labor, Youth Development and Sports in planning, implementation and evaluation of services delivery to older people.
OBJECTIVES OF THE POLICY
The National ageing policy aim among other things to meet different objectives as shown below:
• The major objectives of this policy among others are; to insure that older people are recognized provided with basic services and accorded the opportunity to fully participate in the daily life of the community.
• It also aims to create a conducive environment for the provision of basic service to the old people.
• To allocate resource for older people’s income generation activities and their welfare.
• To initiate and sustain programs that provides people with opportunity to participate in economic development initiatives.
• To create a conducive environment for the provision of basic services to the older people.
• To prepare strategies and programs geared towards elimination of negative attitude and age discrimination.
• It also aims to enact laws that promotes and protects the welfare of old people.
LEGAL FRAME WORK PROCESS
The National ageing policy was counterchecked by the human rights as stipulated in the Tanzanians constitutions of 1977 as amended in 1984 and 1995 respectively. Moreover the policy has taken into consideration the UN declaration Act No. 46 of 1991.
The government has collaborated with Ministry of Health and Social welfare, Ministry of Constitution and Legal Affairs, Ministry of Education and Vocational Training, United Nations Organizations, donors, Help Age International and different...
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