Marxist Analysis of Film
* What is it?
* It is a form of critique that can be applied to any text or Film. * A Marxist Analysis can be boiled down to how economics drives the plot and is basically a critique of capitalism. * Marxism was founded by Karl Heinrich Marx
* Karl Marx was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, journalist and revolutionary socialist. * His most notable work being “The Communist Manifesto” (1848), these ideas played a significant role in the development of social science and the socialist movement. * His theories hold that all societies progress through the dialectic of class struggle: a conflict between an ownership class which controls production and a lower class which produces the labour for goods. Heavily critical of the current socio-economic form of society, capitalism. * These ideas are the basis for Marxist Film criticism although Marxist critics must be wary of how cinema supports dominant ideology (as in, it is easy to see capitalisms dominance through mainstream cinema). * Marxist Analysis Can be broken into four areas
1. Narrative content
2. Narrative structure.
3. Political and economic contexts of production.
4. Aesthetics of representation.
* Narrative content
* Analyze To what extent does the narrative (characters/ events /settings/ themes) reflect or propagate capitalist ideologies or critique them? * Characterization - class positions? Who are the protagonists/antagonists? What identity positions do they embody? * Settings - social/work environments and ideological connotations? * Events - dominant ideology de-stabilized or reaffirmed by major events of the storyline? * Themes – bourgeois ideology i.e.; relating to, or characteristic of social middle class, marked by a concern for material interests and respectability and a tendency toward mediocrity dominated by commercial and industrial interests). Are they at work?...
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