marxism

Topics: Capitalism, Karl Marx, Marxism Pages: 12 (4026 words) Published: October 10, 2013

Topic: Marxism

Submitted by:
Akanksha Holani
Ashish Kataria
Astha Kholi
Megh Kanbar
Prachi Jain
Saumya Kala
Content Page:

Title Page no. Marxism…………………………………………………………..3 Karl Marx and Marxism…………………………….………….4 Contribution on Fredrich Engles……………………….…….6 Marx analysis of society………………………………………7 Marxist Theory……………………………………………….…8 Formation/origin of Marxism………………………………...9 Alienation……………………………………………………….10 Theory of Value………………………………………………..12 Historical tendencies and class struggle……...................14 Marxism and Media…………………………………...………16 Marxism today…………………………………………..……..17

1. Marxism

Karl Marx sought the answers to these questions by trying to understand how our capitalist society works (for whom it works better, for whom worse), how it arose out of feudalism and where it is likely to lead. Concentrating on the social and economic relations in which people earn their livings, Marx saw behind capitalism's law and order appearance a struggle of two main classes: the capitalists, who own the productive resources, and the workers or proletariat, who must work in order to survive. "Marxism" is essentially Marx's analysis of the complex and developing relations between these two classes.

2. Karl Marx and Marxism

The influence of Karl Marx (1818­1883) has been prodigious. During the 1980s, people who called themselves Marxists or who lived under Marxist governments numbered about one half of the planet's inhabitants. Marxists in American universities than in the entire Soviet Union. By any objective reckoning, Karl Marx was the most influential modern thinker. Marx extended this argument to suggest that individuals really do not think independently at all; rather, the great majority of people simply repeat the dominant ideas of their time in place of thinking. Do any of us really think on our own, or do we simply repeat the ideas and attitudes we hear every day?  Since the people who control the  economy also control the political arena, it is not surprising that most simply (once again, according to Karl Marx, merely parrot the rhetoric of the ruling class. As he put it in a famous quote: “The ideas of the ruling class are in every epoch the ruling ideas: i.e. the  class which is the ruling material force of society is at the same time its ruling intellectual force. The second basic rule of Marxist analysis takes historical materialism a step further. All of human history can be explained and predicted by the competition between  antagonistic economic classes; or as Marx put it, “The history of all hitherto existing  society is the history of class struggles.” In political terms, this means that the social classes are competing in essence for control of the state—or, as Marxists would put it: the class that controls the Mode of Production also controls the State. In general, Marx did not spend much time examining the state or political institutions. Political life is an illusion or distortion of reality, so why study that distortion? It is better to concentrate on the reality behind the veil of politics:  the economic structure of society In the long run, the influence of Karl Marx has been to create something resembling a secular religion. Generations of scholars have churned out thousands of books and articles subjecting Marx to the most hair splitting analysis. In the wake of the political upheavals of the 1980s, new schools of thought and new prophets seem to be emerging to replace Karl Marx.

3. Contribution on Fredrich Engles

In response to criticism of Marx’s ideas by a socialist named Eugen Dühring, Engels published several articles that were collected under the title Herr Eugen Dührings Umwälzung der Wissenschaft (1878; Herr Eugen Dühring’s Revolution in Science, better known as Anti-Dühring), and an unfinished work, Dialektik und Natur (Dialectics of Nature), which he had...
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