Marx vs. Locke
Work is something we do on a regular basis, it’s what gets us through our day and makes us who we are. In class, we discussed two authors who had a viewpoint on the idea of work. Rousseau and Marx express their opinions of the theory of work in their own writings. In Karl Marx’s reading called The Communist Manifesto he explains the differences and similarities between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat people. In Rousseau’s reading called Discourse on the Origins of Inequality mainly focuses on the differences and how people are treated in the world. Nowadays when you think about “work you would consider it to be very helpful, but back in the day not many people would agree with that. When reading the works of Karl Marx and John Locke you notice that they each have different viewpoints, but may end up with a very similar outcome of what the future will look like based on these perspectives. Karl Marx is known as one of the most influential people from the nineteenth century. Karl Marx is known as a great philosopher. During his time Karl Marx came with a theory of conflict. The conflict theory shows how certain interactions occur due to conflict. Karl Marx is known for studying the conflicts that happen between different social classes. During this time period the industrial revolution had a big impact on society which led to problems within the social classes. Marx studied the differences between two types of people, the bourgeoisie and the proletariat groups. Marx came up with these names based on their standings in society. If you were a bourgeoisie then that means you are interested in creating a capitalist society using production as your main method. People who were proletariats are also known as the working class and only get satisfaction through their labor. During this time, the proletariats felt that were getting treated badly by the middle class. People that were in the bourgeoisie were degrading the proletariat people. When “The Communist Manifesto” was written there were many ups and downs in society at the times from economy to social problems. Society was going through changes and many events occurred due to these changes. People in England felt that the middle class was taking their area. Marx stated “the bourgeoisie, historically, has played a most revolutionary part. The bourgeoisie, where it has for the upper hand, has put an end to all feudal, patriarchal, idyllic relations. It has pitilessly torn asunder the motley feudal ties that bound man to his ‘natural superiors’” (Marx, 282). Another issue in Marx’s eyes was the ongoing debate of the wage gap. In Marx’s writing “Communist Manifesto” he states that the wage gap will eventually lead to a revolution of the working class across the globe. The bad part is that he believes that these differences within each class with disappear. Karl Marx describes revolution seizure of power by the working class and letting go of the ruling class just to have an equal society, leading to the consequence of the wage gap. As the bourgeoisie continue to attack the proletariats, they decide they want to fight back just to make sure they “keep up the rate of wages, they found permanent associations to make provision beforehand for these occasional revolt” (Marx, 284). With this being said, Marx believes that the entire world will go through many proletarian revolutions and people that are well off will be overthrown due to social standards. In this situation Marx is stating that people that are well off will probably be in the worst situation. Marx begins to talk about the wage gap and that this will lead the bourgeoisie will move on to “its fall and the victory of the proletariat are equally inevitable” (Marx, 286). This is done because the bourgeoisie had given the proletariats weapons which allow them to get rid of the capitalist system. Proletariats have the idea that they want an equal society, which means mainly that everyone will have the same...
Cited: 1. Marx, Karl. “The Communist Manifesto.” University, Seton Hall. Christianity and Culture in Dialogue. Seton Hall University, 2013. 277.
2. Locke, John. “The Second Treatise Government.” University, Seton Hall. Christianity and Culture in Dialogue. Seton Hall University, 2013. 269.
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