Discuss critically Marx’s Ideologies and His Critique on Capitalis.
Marxism political and economical concept was introduced by famous philosopher Karl Marx. Marx focused on modern civilization and societal behavior in which governmental philosophies is habitual.Karl Marx possess that a society’s leading principles is essential to its formation. According to Marxist point of view, the ideology is based on financial and formation of model society, in which finance represents the relationship of formation and formation represents the leading principles such as (political, economical, social and religious issues).The financial base of the formation signifies the political upheavals of a community. Leading class represents the foundation and the disposition of the explanatory principles which represents the leading class, because these peoples overtake the foundation skills. Further clear it with the help of an example, in the feudalism spiritual principles is the most significant key points of foundation actions feasible because the ruling class controls the means of production (Allen,1972,pp.244-248).
The ideology of Marx signifies the existing position of time to time. Ideology is disclosed by the materials of formation of production and the relationship with theses production. The first acts represent the production which basic aim is to satisfy the basic amenities of the production. Marx categorizes human societal civilization in to different class and groups, which could be easy for understanding the ideology of Marx (George, 1979, pp.122-147) .
Organizational structure of society
According to Karl Marx individual evolution has apparent itself in a sequence of managerial arrangement, each indomitable by its initial phase of formation, individually the separation of labor, that leads in every level.
The tribal form
This society has no levels; its foundation was based on kingship relations that come through throne system. The men are dominating over the women levels. According to Marx it’s a fundamental step of every society, further enhancement make this system as family including the labor class system. In this system we clearly signify the slave people. As the enhancement of people, the growth of desires’ and relations also established. Slave culture is the pioneer of class society.
Primitive society was established to the ownership power of state which enhances significantly from the tribal system with the result of combat. In this system, the personal property is founded. With the enhancement of personal belongings the socialism chances also upgraded. Feudal or property
Like ancient and tribal leadership, feudal system is also comprises on the societal community, the feudal pattern apparent itself in trade association. Austere rules of formation were determined by both country and city. The ancient farming of land and the skill pattern of industry works, which signifies the small sanction in the feudalism system. Development rationale is another way in this level (Anthony, 1995). .
Marx critique of capitalism
Capitalism was highly productive in the primitive community, but for a short time period. It ruined the society and would surprisingly spoil due to internal conflagration and followed socialism. Marx was not in favor of capitalism, he suggested only as a mandatory stair for the enhancement of man in society, which would transform into political changes before squeeze the classless community. He represents capital only a financial, political and social upheavals, in between things and people. By this way they seek to spoil capitalism. He was in favor of personal possession of the resources of invention supplements industrialist (proprietor of capital) at the disbursement of labors, the one who poor is was getting poorer and those who is rich getting richer. In short, he clears that, the proprietor of the business do not...
References: Allen,W.W. (1972):"The Marxian critique of justice." Philosophy & Public Affairs ,pp.244-282.
Anthony.G(1995). A contemporary critique of historical materialism. Vol. 1. Stanford University Press
George, G.B.(1979)"Freedom and private property in Marx." Philosophy & Public Affairs .pp.122-147.
Jeffrey, R.(1991) "Moral philosophy: The critique of capitalism and the problem of ideology." The Cambridge Companion to Marx,vol,1,pp.143.
Martha.A(1999) "Ideology, false consciousness and psychology." Theory & Psychology,vol. 9.3,pp.295-312.
Robert,A.J. (1981): "Immanent critique as the core of critical theory: Its origins and developments in Hegel, Marx and contemporary thought." British Journal of Sociology ,pp.330-345.
Stephen,B(2001) "Repositioning ideology critique in a critical theory of adult learning." Adult Education Quarterly .vol.52.1,pp.7-22.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document