Long Term Care

Topics: Medicine, Gerontology, Health economics Pages: 5 (2107 words) Published: May 29, 2013
Long term care has so many meaning, as a student I have done many research regarding the care of society and what it means to have the best of care and also to provide the best care to patients. Long term care means many things to all for us, each person feels that care at an old age is long term care but according to our text. According to our text Long Term Care is emphasized providing continuous care for a period of at least ninety days for a range of acute and chronic conditions. Regardless of the length of time, long-term care provides an array of services in a range of settings to individuals who have lost their capacity to remain independent due to chronic illness or other conditions. Therefore, long-term care can be defined as a comprehensive range of health, personal, and social services coordinated and delivered over a period of time to meet the changing physical, social, and emotional needs of chronically ill and disabled individuals. Long-term care services assist individuals with basic and daily routine activities and may include skilled and therapeutic care for the treatment and management of chronic illness or conditions. In some instances, in which recipients become functionally dependent on long-term care due to physical and mental illness, long-term care may last for the remainder of their lives. There are more and more people in the world that don’t have access to long term care. There are countries in the world that still rely on the family unit to take care of the aging parents. It is taboo in certain countries to put your aging family in a long term care home. As long as you have the means necessary to assist them they will live with you until the die. One of these countries is China. China has one of the largest aging populations in the East, so I decided to compare the U.S. and China to see how they differ in the way they utilize long term care.

China’s long-term care system
Currently, China’s old-old population is more than 5 million, or 6% of the total elderly population. However, the rate of growth of the old-old is 5.4%. This means that there will be an increase of 500,000 people over age 80 every year. By the middle of the 21th century, the old-old population will make up 6.8% of the population. Traditional Chinese culture has great respect for elders, and in the past elders’ needs were taken care of by younger family members. The ageing of the Chinese population, caused in part by the one-child policy fewer children will be available to care for their ageing parents. In other words, as the family structure is getting smaller, the informal care system is getting weaker: For every one couple, there are four or more older family members who may eventually need to be cared for. U.S. long-term care system

About half over and half under age sixty-five, need some kind of long-term care. About a third of these people have care needs that are substantial. Medicare, the federal government’s health insurance program, finances medical care for nearly all elderly Americans and some younger persons with disabilities. U.S. citizens whose health care is universally insured as an entitlement, elders who need long-term care have much less protection. Medicare, the federal program for the elderly and disabled, covers many of the costs of acute medical care but only tangentially covers some long-term care services. Medicaid, the federal/state health program, covers long-term care but only for people who are poor or who become poor paying for long-term care or medical care. About half of the long term care that is provided for people with disability in the U.S. is provided by family and friends. Compared to China the U.S. provides Governmental assistant to all ageing people and the ones with disability as long as they qualify for the welfare program. China however has a Central Price Commission that sets prices for health services and The Ministry of Civil Affairs has a Department of Social...
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