Late Adulthood and End of Life

Topics: Gerontology, Old age, Death Pages: 6 (2309 words) Published: May 5, 2011
Late Adulthood End of Life
Latonia Wells
Psy 375
Charisse Woodley

Late Adulthood and End of Life Paper

Late adulthood is the last stage of life, it starts around the age of 65 to death. This is considered the age of wisdom and strength. Life starts from the moment of conception and from that moment until death people experience different factors in their lives that can determine how long their life span will be. Late adulthood is the stage of life many people wish they could be able to reach. The purpose of this paper is to discuss how health and wellness can be promoted in late adulthood to decrease the effects of aging. We will also explore ageism and some of the stereotypes associated with late adulthood. Last, we will explore death and dying to receive a better understanding of different viewpoints and how different cultures view death and dying. Even though we all will age there are measures that can be taken to reduce the effects of aging. There several factors related to promoting health and wellness. Successful aging can happen with the presence of certain physical factors that include exercise, nutrition and, proper sleep. Psychological and sociological factors also play a role in how individuals age. All the vital bodily systems- cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, and renal/urinary - sustain life (Berger, 2008). Disease is likely to occur when bodily function slow down and decrease in their performance. Changes in social relationships, economic status, and developing coping skills can help adjust to the changes during this time in life. There three components are needed to achieve longevity. Physical activity is one of the most important factors and it slows down the onset of conditions that could turn out to be chronic. Daily activity and exercise can decrease the risks of heart disease, diabetes and other diseases. Studies have shown that doing strength training along with some type of cardio exercise increases how the heart rate and improves and preserves muscle mass. One benefits of exercising is to help improve strength, and to reduce obesity and disease. Proper nutrition is another key factor in preventing problems that occur with old age. Poor nutrition is a factor that contributes to high blood pressure, diabetes, and strokes. There has been conflict about what is considered the best diet in late adulthood but studies show that a good direct is low in fats and consists of plenty fruit and vegetables with moderate grains and proteins. Making these simple change s can have a positive effect on the individuals health and add longevity to their lives. Sexual activity should remain an important part of the happiness in older adults. During this time the intercourse is less, but the intimacy should increase. Women may not feel the need to engage in sexual activity because they have strong feeling is no longer viewed as being sexually attractive and men worry about issues with sexual dysfunction. Despite the physical changes the body endures, sexual activities can continue to flourish throughout the life span. There several chronic conditions that have become problems in late adulthood they include arthritis, hypertension, hearing loss, heart problems, and sinus problems.

Mental health plays an important role in how individuals embrace life changes and adapt to aging. Depression is common in late adulthood and it affects other areas of life. It is very important to maintain good mental health in late adulthood. Acquiring a strong faith is helpful in staying focused and keeping a positive outlook on life no matter what stage they are in. People who have a strong faith have a more positive outlook and they embrace a stronger feeling of acceptance and desire to give to others. A strong religious base helps...

References: Berger, K.S. (2008). The Developing Person Through the Life Span, 7e. Retrieved from
Dying and Death. (2004). In Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology: Health and Illness in the World 's Cultures. Retrieved from
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