Mrs. K. Williams
A.P English 3B
29 November 2012
Invisible Man Topic #2
During the 1930’s, in which Ralph Ellison wrote the novel Invisible Man, many African Americans identified themselves with the Communist Cause. Communism derives from the term commune, dictionary.com describe as a small group of persons living together, sharing possessions, work and income, thus, the ideology of communist party. The Communist Party’s ultimate principle was to create a society in which everyone is equal without the separation of class or economics. It is known that Ellison affiliated himself with the Communist Cause and portrayed the Communist Party’s philosophies through the “Brotherhood,” a political organization whose focus was on social activism, found in the novel. In the period of discrimination and segregation many minorities supported the ideas of equality, working class solidarity and social welfare benefits. The Communist Party saw the black community as a natural ally; however, their essential aim was opposed to…... In The Communist Manifesto, published in 1848, was the starting point for the ideology of communism. Karl Heinrich Marx, the “Father” of communism and the most influential socialist in the 19th century, collaborated with Friedrich Engels, a friend and partner, in order to create this (adjective) work. Both socialist, Marx and Engels believed “that private property caused inequality in society and that governments should control their nation’s economy so that the basic needs of people could be satisfied.” (Lansford 14) “Marx believed that history was marked by constant strife and class warfare,” based upon the work of an influential German philosopher George W.F. Hegel. Hegel’s most prominent philosophy was the Dialectic. “ every idea (the “thesis”) was immediately challenged by its opposite (the “antithesis”).” The basis of this concept was the thesis; either an idea or a historical movement contains within itself incompleteness that gives rise to opposition, or an antithesis, a conflicting idea or movement. As a result of the conflict a third point of view arises, a synthesis, which overcomes the conflict by reconciling at a higher level the truth contained in both the thesis and antithesis. This synthesis becomes a new thesis and the cycle continues in such a fashion that the process of intellectual or historical development is continually generated. Marx later used this concept to argue that “the conflict between the bourgeoisies (the thesis) and the proletariat (the antithesis) could produce a final synthesis in the form of a perfectly classless egalitarian.” (Lansford 15) Announced in The Communist Manifesto, it declared that “In the earlier epochs of history, we find almost everywhere a complicated arrangement of society into various orders, a manifold gradation of social rank,” and his modern Europe exemplified this. Marx believed that “The modern bourgeois society that has sprouted from the ruins of feudal society has not done away with class antagonisms. It has but established new classes, new conditions of oppression, and new forms of struggle in place of the old ones” (Marx, Engels page 1 chapter1). Using his interpretation of the Dialectic to achieve his perfect society workers must revolt to dislodge existing power. After the publication of The Communist Manifesto a wave of revolutions broke out in Europe. Marx and Engels’ work advocated the use of violence in order to implement their ideals. In addition to The Communism Manifesto, Marx also composed Das Kapital: a Critique of Political Economy, which consisted of the main principles of communism intertwined with his vision of history. However, dying before he could finish, Engels edited his work and then letter published it, in addition to two more volumes, becoming the basis for modern communism. Marx participated in the growing international workers’ movement while working toward a new synthesis of his...
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During his first few months in Paris, Marx became a communist and set down his views in a series of writings known as the Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts (1844), which remained unpublished until the 1930s
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