Government Class NOTES

Topics: Karl Marx, Marxism, Communism Pages: 3 (1024 words) Published: March 17, 2015

INTERNATIONAL GOVERNMENTS
MACHIAVELLI, MARX, AND MILTON
"A crown, golden in show, is but a wreath of thorns."
- John Milton, speaking on the burden of leadership.
As you already know, leadership in governments can be bad as well as good. For every Abraham Lincoln there is an Adolf Hitler. For every Winston Churchill there is a Benito Mussolini. In good times and bad times, it is wise to follow the thinking of retired Army General Schwarzkopf who said that he learned as much from the mistakes of leaders as from their victories, and that he learned as much from avoiding the bad as imitating the good. As we continue our study of the leaders in history who helped shape the philosophy and formation of governments, let us commit to both imitating the good and avoiding the bad. Vocabulary

communism
Political system of collective ownership of property, population is of one class.

Communist Manifesto
Book by Marx urging workers to overthrow upper classes; textbook for communism and socialism.

dissenter
One who disagrees or has a difference of opinion.

free enterprise system
Political system in which the government allows citizens to own private business for profit.

Of Reformation in England
John Milton's writing on the preference of a commonwealth over a monarchy.

principles
A basic rule or standard.

Renaissance
A revival of art and learning arising between the 14th and 16th centuries.

social scientist
One who studies individual relationships within society and relationships to society.

socialism
System where political power and property is to be shared by the whole population.

Machiavelli, Marx, and Milton

Niccolo Machiavelli, who lived during the Italian Renaissance, is considered the father of modern political science. While the medieval approach to politics was to view it in the light of religion, Machiavelli based his theories on logic. He presented the state as a living organism with the ruler as the...
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