George Orwell

Topics: Communism, Karl Marx, Vladimir Lenin Pages: 5 (1596 words) Published: September 18, 2013
1. George Orwell
Eric Arthur Blair or better known as George Orwell was an English journalist and novelist, whom was born on the 25th of June 1903. George Orwell had spent his school years at St Cyprian's School, Eastbourne. Blair hated it there; he could not wait till the day he was rid of that school. George was a Socialist; The Spanish Civil War played the most important part in defining Orwell's socialism because it made him fight for what he loved, beauty. During most of his career, Orwell was best known for his journalism, in essays, reviews, columns in newspapers and magazines and his books. The books he has written are Animal Farm & 1984, The Hanging and many other books and essays.

2. Definitions:
Communism: A political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs. Socialism: A political and economic theory of social organization that advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole. Democracy: A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives. Fascism: An authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization. Maoism: The communist doctrines of Mao Zedong as formerly practiced in China, having as a central idea permanent revolution and stressing the importance of the peasantry, of small-scale industry, and of agricultural collectivization. Nazism: a form of socialism featuring racism and expansionism and obedience to a strong leader. Satire: The use of humour, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues. Irony: The expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect. Allegory: A story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.

3. Explain the impact these people left the world.
Karl Marx: Karl Heinrich Marx was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. He published numerous books during his lifetime, the most notable being The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Das Kapital (1867–1894). Karl Marx was the father of communism. He did nothing for the world. Although he just wanted the best for his people, he was an absolute fool because he thought communism would work. But communism never works. Leon Trotsky: Trotsky was the chairman of the the Military Revolutionary Committee of the Petrograd Soviet. It was this organisation that, under Lenin's direction, that staged the takeover of the state known as the October Revolution. Trotsky wrote a number of books, articles and pamphlets decrying what had happened to the revolution and proposed alternative policies for the country - leading to the branch of communism known as Trotskyism. Stalin took action against him, and, in 1940, in Mexico, he was stabbed to death. Lenin: Vladimir Ilich Ulianov, the architect and first head of the USSR, led the October Revolution, which was effectively a coup d'etat. Almost 3 years of civil war followed. The Bolsheviks were victorious and assumed total control of the country. Stalin: Stalin arranged for the death of millions of Ukrainians in a holocaust that is now largely unrecognised as one of the most horrific events of the 20th century. Stalin organised the dislocation of 10 million independent farmers in a bid to create a communist collective farm. When they would not cooperate he organised troops to kill them. When bullets proved too expensive to do this he managed to remove almost all sources of food from the market and starve to death those that would not cooperate. This resulted in...
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