Exploitative Nature of Globalization in China

Topics: Working class, Migrant worker, Urban area Pages: 5 (1588 words) Published: April 4, 2013
China has become an imperative actor in the global market since 1978. Through economic change and progression, China has become the world’s fastest, expanding major economy as the largest exporter and second larger importer of goods. In the economic world, China is known as the “super power” of the world market. As the economy of China has grown and prospered, the country of China has failed to acknowledge the nourishment and inter-connected relationship of the entire population as a whole within its recent boom of wealth. Because China is so focused on strengthening ties with Western world, the Chinese government disregards the maintenance and economic-well being of the general population. China has become more powerful in global market, and government begins to disregard the socio-economic lifestyle of population mass, which causes a growing inequality between educated urban professionals and rural/urban working class. Thus, in China, economic growth is not correlated with social growth—“haves” are becoming richer and “have-nots” are becoming poorer. The Chinese government facilitates this viscous cycle of poverty by implementing policies and restrictions, which essentially prevent the working class from moving forward and participating in recent economic growth. The restriction of rural-urban migration has facilitated the widening income divide between rural-workers and urban professionals. As urban professionals become wealthier at a fast pace, rural workers are forced to stay back, which limits opportunities for poor to participate within the financial growth of their own country. China has become the “super power” of world market when they entered the World Trade Organization by the relocation of transnational corporations from all over the world to China. In order to keep up with TNC’s high-demand for production and perpetuate economical wealth within China, the government began to utilize workers in rural areas as migrant-factory laborers in urban China. Though young individuals from rural setting begin to enter urban society, they were solely utilized as labor. When demand increased, migrant-laborers became more prevalent in urban areas. The immense labor supply “has created a contested, if not deformed, citizenship that has disadvantaged Chinese migrant workers attempting to transform themselves into urban workers.” Laborers, especially women, are heavily exploited by the strict labor regimes imposed by the management within foreign investment firms, which inhibits them from moving forward in society and attaining individualism. Culturally, Chinese emphasize the idea that women are recognized as inferior to men. Because of this prevalent perception of gender, women in rural areas are compelled by their family to disregard education and enter the labor-force at a young age. Not only are migrant-women laborers unable to work and possess benefits in urban city, they are exploited inhumanely by TNC corporations through harsh restrictions, mistreatment, unhealthy working conditions, lack of freedom, and “below-subsistence” income. In China, when culture and economic growth intertwined, it created a larger gap in gender, social, and economic inequality, which is magnified most significantly through the life of a migrant worker. The living space of a migrant worker is “intensely collective” and communal. Workers live in extremely close proximity to each other, which perpetuates the idea that each person is a component of one big machine. “Such dormitories are communal multi-story building that house several hundred workers. Rooms are shared, typically between anywhere from eight to 20 workers per room” (Ngai 88). TNC managers utilize intensely collective dormitories to stress the importance of “homogenization” and maintaining an identical living/working environment, so laborers lose the sense of independence and individualism. Because TNC’S want laborers to solely focus on work and not be distracted by cultural...
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