The concept of restorative justice has many different branches that one must understand in order to fully grasp the reasoning and objectives of restorative justice. There are many different theories that helped mold the structure and belief in the theory of restorative justice. In this paper we will discuss:
- The differences between the structural theory of restorative justice and the instrumental theory of restorative justice.
- The concept, as well as, the pros and cons of the power-control theory, and the critical feminist theory, and how they help to form critical criminology.
- The concept of left realism, how it relates to crime, how it is used to help control crime, and most importantly, how the concept of left realism relates to the concept of restorative justice.
- The concept of peacemaking as well as, how many advocates of this branch of restorative justice, believe that it is the most important branch of restorative justice.
Before diving into discussion of the above mentioned topics we must first find an understanding of and discuss the scientific definitions of the following terms:
- Structural Theory: The view that criminal law and the criminal justice system are means of defending and preserving the capitalist system. Holding to the belief that the justice system is designed to maintain the status quo and is used to punish the wealthy, as well as members of the lower class, when they break the rules governing capitalism. (Criminology, Siegel)
- Instrumental Theory: The view that criminal law and the criminal justice system are capitalist instruments for controlling the lower class. Holding to the belief that those in authority wield their power to control society and keep the lower classes in check. (Criminology, Siegel)
- Power-Control Theory: The view that gender differences in crime are a function of economic power (class position, one-earner...
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