Dr. Ambedkar

Topics: Hinduism, Socialism, India Pages: 7 (2306 words) Published: February 1, 2014
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar- A Social Reformer.

Abstract

As per Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, the concept of socialism is based on the principles of justice, liberty, equality and fraternity. It is his thought that socialism can be achieved by State control over land, industries, religions, caste and through an elaborate scheme of constitutional method. As per him, caste consciousness hampers economic progress, so he suggested that the State should redistribute the land to poor farmers and it was his demand that the state should abolish the Zamindari system. In this paper/article an attempt is being made to analyze his approach towards the ‘State Socialism’. Introduction

There are several types of socialism such as Utopian Socialism, Scientific or Marxian Socialism, Fabians Socialism, Syndicalist Socialism, Guild Socialism, Democratic socialism, Gandhian Socialism, State Socialism etc. State Socialism or Collective Socialism arose as a reaction against extreme individualism of the 19th century. The principles of the State Socialism is found in the works of Eduard Bernstein in Germany, Jean Juarez in France, Karl Branting in Sweden, Eduard in Belgium and Dr. B.R.Ambedkar in India. The State Socialism does not want to abolish the State but it stands for removing the evils of capitalist discrimination and inequality. State Socialism stands for the idea of a welfare State. State Socialists believe that the State alone can remove exploitation and promote general welfare, all the means of production should be nationalized, the worker should be given equal pay for equal work and the workers or depressed classes should enjoy liberty and equality in political, social and economic spheres. State Socialism- Dr. Ambedkar’s Theory

The theory of State socialism in India has been developed by the contributions of Dr. B.R.Ambedkar. He submitted a memorandum entitled “State and Minorities‟ to the Constituent Assembly on behalf of the All India Scheduled Castes Federation in the year 1946. In the said memorandum he pointed out that born or naturalized citizens of India should be treated equally. Any privileges or extra privilege arising out of rank, birth, person, family, religion or religious usage should be abolished. All citizens of India without any discrimination with respect to caste, creed, religion, race, birth etc. should be treated equally before law and with equal protection from the law of the land. The State should play a crucial role to protect the fundamental rights of Indian citizens. No religion is to be State religion. All citizens should have rights to reside in any part of the territory of India. The citizenship certificate ought to be provided by the State. Every citizens should have right to cast vote. The State should give guarantee of liberty to every Indian citizen without discriminations on the basis of caste, creed, religion etc. Right to religious association of the citizens should be given by the State. Thus it is seen from the above that one man one value is the principle of Dr. Ambedkar‟s socialism. No citizen shall be disqualified on the basis of birth or race. All citizens shall have equal access to all institutions, conveniences and amenities maintained by State machinery. State Socialism should be prescribed by the law of the Constitution. The right of a citizen to vote shall not be denied on any ground other than immaturity, imprisonment and/or insanity. No law shall be made abridging the freedom of speech, the freedom of press, form of association and assembly except for consideration of public order and morality. State shall guarantee to every Indian citizen liberty of conscience and free exercise including right to worship, right to form of religious association and its spread. State shall not recognize any religion as State religion. Every religious association shall be free from State religion. In his Memorandum, ‘State and Minorities’, Dr. Ambedkar propagated that the judicial power of the State shall...

References: 1. Ambedkar B.R., State and Minorities, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writings and Speeches, Education Department, Government of Maharashtra, compiled Vasant Moon, 1, 392-393 (1979)
2. Narake Hari., M.L. Kasare, N.G. Kamble, Ashoke Godghate (ed), Dr. B.R. Ambedkar and His Egalitarian Revolution, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writings and Speeches, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Source Material Publication Committee, Government of Maharashtra, Part Three, 17, 475 (2003)
3. Ambedkar B.R., Annihilation of Caste, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writings and Speeches, Education Department, Government of Maharashtra, compiled Vasant Moon, 1, 68-69 (1979)
4. Ambedkar B.R., State and Minorities, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writings and Speeches, Education Department, Government of Maharashtra, compiled Vasant Moon, 1, 402 (1979)
5. Ambedkar B.R., Philosophy of Hinduism, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writings and Speeches, compiled by Vasant Moon, Higher Education Department, Government of Maharashtra, 3, 44 (1987)
6. Ambedkar B.R., State and Minorities, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writings and Speeches, Education Department, Government of Maharashtra, compiled Vasant Moon, 1, 97-98 (1979)
7. Ambedkar B.R., Philosophy of Hinduism, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writings and Speeches, compiled by Vasant Moon, Higher Education Department, Government of Maharashtra, 3, 41 (1987)
8. Narake Hari, M.L. Kasare, N.G. Kamble and Ashoke Godghate (ed), Dr. B.R. Ambedkar and His Egalitarian Revolution”, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writings and Speeches, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Source Material Publication Committee, Government of Maharashtra, 17, 550-551 (2003)
9. Ambedkar B.R., State and Minorities, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Writings and Speeches, Education Department, Government of Maharashtra, compiled Vasant Moon, 1, 409 (1979)
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Essay on Dr. Ambedkar
  • Dr. Ambedkar Essay
  • Essay about Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Biography
  • Essay on Dr Br Ambedkar
  • Dr.B>R Ambedkar- a Social Reformer Essay
  • Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar Essay
  • Ambedkar Summary 3 Essay
  • Ambedkar Research Paper

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free