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Conflict Theory by Karl Marx
The conflict theory is a classical sociological theory, it can be said to be one of the pillars of foundation in the study of sociology. By definition the conflict theory “envisages society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change,” this is according to Macionis and Plummer (2008:31). To further shed light on the conflict one can take into account the words uttered by Karl Marx, who is credited to the promulgation of the conflict theory, “The history of all hitherto existing societies is the history of class struggles.” For Karl Marx to take a “humanist philosophical” approach he was influenced by the French Revolution and the Industrial Revolution in England. At the core of these revolutions was inequality, thus we have the concept of the dominant and subordinate group, the conflict theory also highlights key concepts such as “fetishism of commodities,” class consciousness and exploitation among others. The aim of this essay is to outline and discuss the conflict theory, whilst explaining its (conflict theory) keys concepts and ascertain its relevance in trying to explain the events taking place in the modern society. Aspects of the conflict theory and its usefulness
The conflict theory as promulgated by Karl Marx looks at the struggle between two classes in all stages of society, the bourgeoisie in conflict with the proletariat. Karl Marx highlighted that due to the evolution of the society from the hunting and gathering society to capitalism classes have emerged and conflict has arose due to the “forces of...
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Macionis, J. and Plummer, K. 2008. Sociology: A global introduction. 4th ed. Harlow: Pearson Education LTD
Marsh, I. and Campbell, R. eds. 1998.Classical and Contemporary Readings in Sociology. Harlow: Longman
McIntosh, I. ed. 1997.Classical Sociological Theory. New york: New york University Press
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