Write a critical account of national or international efforts to prevent one type of crime
Disneyland has been created into a private security place which monitors their customers, on the other hand a place where dreams come true for children and an experience to remember. But, Shearing and Stenning's (1984) describes Disney as a ‘description of the social control system built into the design of Disney World]…Techniques of camouflage, such as computer encryption, may also be built into computer systems to shield them from potential threats’ (1984,n.p.) Therefore, these are places that can be deceiving to the eye as they hold underlying values to access and remain a part of social control. As a result, Disney world can be used a wider model of privatised justice that also exist within shopping centres and it is an evidently a growing trend. In particular, in Liverpool one, Stratford city and Wigan town centre, Dubai mall. In addition, this essay will evaluate antisocial behaviour in these shopping centres and how they can be analysed through a constructionist perspective. Firstly, a way of removing anti-social behaviour is through an open public space which is becoming more common in Britain and a glimpse of how all shopping centres may end up consuming towards. As Minton (2009) further explains how the urban regeneration projects of new streets, nice areas that are clean are removing forms of freedom away from the unwanted residents such as the youths as it is a created for privatisation of public space (Minton in Roberts, 2012:33) which makes it all the more inequitable and a selective permeable which reinforces a social status divide between the middle class and working class. Minton (2009) also suggest shopping centres have become a place of ‘malls without walls’ which is an open plan shopping centre which you would think is open for the public, but it represents privatization of public space for example in Stratford city which features the securitization which is motivated by fear and greed (Minton in Hatherley, 2011:339) But, this fear is ruled by the middle class of keeping the unwanted out of sight. Similarly, Atkinson & Helms (2007) describes an attempt secure an ‘urban’ renaissance’ shopping centres have been constructed in rundown down areas such as Stratford city which tries to make it less dangerous place to live in while obstructing crimes such as anti-social Behaviour (2007:2-15). Generally, it is clear to see that policing the problem has been replaced by other forms of techniques such as privatization of public place which blurs crime into the underclass where middle class wouldn’t associate themselves with, because it gets in the way of their entrepreneurial lifestyle of clean streets, no beggers, no crime which is an ideal constructed reality that are in areas such as Stratford city. This reality can be evident in shopping centres that have consumption zones which restrict deviant behaviour which is also a way of social sorting that is a way of assigning people into social statuses which filters out non-consumerist behaviour (Coleman in Drake et al, 2009:150) So, the people that are getting in the way of others who are consuming causes a problem of social risk, as Coleman (2008) suggest ‘If people behave in a "non-consumerist" way, they may be stigmatised (Coleman in The guardian,2008) this could be behaving in an anti-social manner which can be socially constructed as Becker (1963) further explains how deviant behaviour changes over time in different societies and clearly it is a product of labelling( Becker in Clarke, 2001: 7) consequently, the label attached to the deviants can have internalizing affects which can social isolated them from society and as a result their existence is alienated in places such as Liverpool one shopping centre. Moreover, realist could argue instead of labelling behaviour there needs to rehabilitative approach in order to tackle why people are acting anti-social which...
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