Communism vs. Socialism vs. Capitalism
With every type of government, there are going to be many inefficiencies and flaws to deal with. A perfect way to run a country, socially and economically, has yet to be discovered. Social Equality and economic opportunity have proven throughout history to be two great entities that cannot be intertwined with each other. The idea of running communist country is good willed because it is striving for social equally for all and equal possession of the country's economic resources. The problem with communism is that this leaves room for corrupt leaders to take over and almost obliterates all incentives for personal success and would not in any way allow people the opportunity to "flourish" as Aristotle would say. A complete socialist country also cannot achieve social equality and completely remove the wage gap from society without causing inflation and lowering incentives for entrepreneurs to start up new companies and businesses due to the higher taxes and less profit. History has proven that so far capitalism has been the most efficient and successful type of government and the free market has shown to give more power to the citizens of a country. It may have negative effects on social equality and gives room for the creation of monopolies but it gives people the opportunity to succeed with their hard work no matter what background they come from.
Communism is a system in which all goods are owned in common and are available to all as needed(Engels). Whether you are a genius doctor or a lazy garbage man, you will receive the amount of pay you need for you and your family to survive. The whole idea of this is to establish social order throughout a country. The focus is heavily on community over individuality, so it agrees with the philosophical idea of utilitarianism because they are trying to achieve happiness for the greatest number of people possible rather than give someone the opportunity to pursue happiness. Karl Marx, the founder of communism explains the evil of capitalism calling it to be a system of exploitation and having a chaotic nature(Wanniski).
There are some benefits that come along with a communist country that effect social and economic equality. In this type of government everyone has the same standard to achieve in schooling and work. Everyone is expected to accomplish the same amount of work and complete the same amount of education. This agrees with Kantian philosophy because of the focus on equality and the importance of universal law. Equality is also successfully accomplished for all citizens and the wage gap that causes a social division in other structures of government is nonexistent, this will end up eliminating social elites also. Marx states that the wage gap that divides people socially will tear people apart in the long run(Wanniski).
Communism tends to have more flaws than benefits when it is actually practiced in a society. Individuality is not supported in this form of community. This directly leads into effecting the happiness of the population because they feel as if they are not important in the world and have less of a voice. When all power in a society is taken from the people it gives more to the leaders, which leads into patterns of corruption especially in communist countries. This tends to be the downfall of the structure of the government as a whole. Aside from all those flaws, the biggest and most important to why communism cannot work and will never be able to work is that lack of ambition and incentives people have. The least amount of work can get you the same benefits and pay as the most stressful occupation there is, which in turn will not inspire any to become successful and educated thus killing imagination and innovative ideas sparking within the society(Arlandson). The opportunity to "flourish" according to Aristotle is not possible because one of his criteria to flourish is wealth which cannot be achieved.
Cited: Arlandson, James. "The Fatal Flaw in Communism." Archived-Articles:. N.p., n.d.
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Engels, Fredrick. "The Principles of Communism." The Principles of Communism. 1914, Eduard Bernstein in the German Social Democratic Party’s Vorwärts!;, n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2013.
Heilbroner, Robert. "Socialism." : The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics. N.p., n.d.
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Hessen, Robert. "Capitalism." : The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Mar. 2013.
Wanniski, Jude. "Polyconomics Institute." Polyconomics Institute. 2011 Polyconomics Institute, n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2013.
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