Classical Socialism Concepts

Topics: Socialism, Social democracy, Marxism Pages: 13 (4307 words) Published: October 22, 2013


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Nationalization is the central doctrine of socialism. Is this an accurate description?

This essay seeks primarily to explore and analyses the main features of socialism. The discussion will be focused toward an overall concept of “nationalization” as it marked the central ideology of socialism along the years and history. However, it is vague and not accurate enough to support this same view as the main feature of socialism nowadays. In the study of Politic Theories it has noted quite ironically how political institutions and democratic government tend to shift from its original position or ideologies toward different values that disregard its original claims. Taking for example the labour party in the UK when considering Tony Blair leadership, the Nationalization concept has been the matter of constant discussion and analysis by academics as well as Bill Clinton administration in the USA, this point will be thoroughly discussed throughout the essay.

This paper will also address the issue of social utopias, and within social utopias it will analyse the subject of Socialism, as a political system, economic and social. It will look from the working class revolutions as a result of their struggle by the time, initially led by great thinkers of the time such as Karl Marx and Engels. Both Marx and Engels began the revolutionary process for the lower class (proletariat), to get the power and the right to receive payment for their labour. Nevertheless, later it raised questions regarding the type of action, how to act, when and how, once they came to power. Furthermore it will explore the contradictions and influences on this system, as put forward by the supporters of other trends that did not overlook the failures.

This paper will also take some lines to discuss the socialism diversion or fusion within the social-democracy and the concept of “Third Way”. This will thoroughly analyse and describe the view of different actors such as Anthony Geddens who stated that the “Third Way rejects the traditional conception of socialism, and instead accepts the conception of socialism”. However, Third Way refers to various political concepts that are neither right-wing nor left-wings rather reconcile the sides to advocate aspects of free-market capitalism with egalitarian social aims at the same time. Finally, the main elements of this essay will be brought together and summarised in the form of conclusion.

Attempting to answer the question straight forward and taking in consideration a thorough analysis of the classical socialism concepts and the “new” social-democracy of the last two decades, this paper arguably suggest that “nationalization” is no longer the central doctrine of socialism” due to its moderation and diversion from its old position of common ownership toward the liberal perception and unchangeable values such as privatisation and free market. However, the generalisation of this statement would have been simplistic and unrealistic when considering socialism in different countries such as Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, “Cuba” and some other countries in the region where socialism still hold its classical principle of nationalization. This tendency shows that socialism, adapt and moderate according to the perceptions of different countries and societies rather than the fulfilment of a set of principles as it proclaim. This is to say that the socialist “systematic level” has failed dramatically, therefore, its advocate the “state level” into a very small scale resulting from a high influence from the “individual level of...

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Chaui, M.1999. “Fantasy Of the Third Way”, Via Reuters. São Paulo: São Paulo press, 30 de November, 1999.
Fielding, S. 2003, The Labour Party “continuity and change in the making of ‘New’ Labour”, 1st edition, Palgrave Macmillan, New York.
Giddens, A. 2000,The Third Way and Its Critics, 1st edition, Polity Press, Cambridge.
Giddens, A. 2008, The third way “the renewal of social democracy”, 1st edition, Polity Press, Cambridge.
Giddens, A. 2003, The progressive Manifesto, 1st edition, Polity Press, Cambridge.
Howe, I. 1976, Essential Works of Socialism, Colonial Press, 1st edition, Massachusetts US.
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