Chinese Revolution

Topics: Communism, Mao Zedong, Marxism Pages: 3 (990 words) Published: October 9, 2012
1.What specific development in Hunan Province reinforced Mao’s convictions about the peasantry as a revolutionary force? The specific development is Peasant Movement in 1927. During this year, the peasant associations are getting more and more, the number of people who was leaded by these peasant associations was increasing at an amazing speed. Then Hunan province happened a big peasant movement that against local tyrants and evil gentry, feudal thought and system. In this movement, many local tyrants and evil gentry were “destroyed”. This big event reinforced Mao thinks the peasant movement will raise like a mighty storm. They will destroy all the imperialists, warlords, corrupt officials, local tyrants and evil gentry. They will play an important role in China’s revolutionary war. 2.What criticisms have been made of the Hunan peasant movement, and how does Mao attempt to counter these criticisms? Middle of the roaders thinks peasant associations are necessary, but they are going rather too far and exceeding the proper limits in righting a wrong. Mao mentioned that the local tyrant, evil gentry and lawless landlords have themselves driven the peasants to this. They have used their power to tyrannize over the peasants and trample them underfoot. This is why the peasants have reacted so strongly. He also said a revolution is not a dinner party. It is an insurrection, an act of violence by which one class overthrows another. A rural revolution is a revolution by which the peasantry overthrows the power of the feudal landlord class. Without using the greatest force, the peasants cannot overthrow the deep-rooted authority of the landlords which has lasted for thousands of years. 3.What can be learned from these two writings about Mao’s views of the role of the Communist Party in China’s revolutionary struggle? Communist Party should be the leader of China’s revolutionary war. The revolutionary war can be victorious because it is led by the communist party and...
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