Chapter 28 Vocab
1. Bauhaus – A German interdisciplinary school of fine and applied arts that brought together many leading modern architects, designers, and theatrical innovators. 2. dadaism – artistic movement of the 1920s and 1930s that attacked all accepted standards of art and behavior and delighted in outrageous conduct. (p. 933) 3. Dawes Plan – the product of the reparations commission headed by Charles G. Dawes that was accepted by Germany, France, and Britain, and reduced Germany’s yearly reparations, made payment dependant on German economic prosperity, and granted Germany large loans from the United States to promote recovery. (p. 939) 4. existentialism – a highly diverse and even contradictory system of thought that was loosely united in a courageous search for moral values in a world of terror and uncertainty. (p. 925) 5. functionalism – the principle that buildings, like industrial products, should serve as well as possible the purpose for which they were made. (p. 930) 6. Great Depression – a world-wide economic depression from 1929-1933, unique in its severity and duration and with slow and uneven recovery. (p. 942) 7. id, ego, and superego – Freudian terms to describe human behavior, which Freud saw as basically irrational. (p. 929) 8. logical empiricism – a revolt against established certainties in philosophy that rejected most of the concerns of traditional philosophy, from the existence of God to the meaning of happiness, as nonsense and hot air. (p. 925) 9. Mein Kampf – book written by Adolph Hitler, in which he outlines his theories and program for a “national socialist revolution.” (p. 940) 10. neutron – the most important of the subatomic particles because its capacity to pass through other atoms allowed for intense experimental bombardment of matter, leading to chain reactions of unbelievable force. (p. 927) 11. New Deal – Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s plan to reform capitalism through forceful government intervention in the economy. (p....
Please join StudyMode to read the full document