Associate Program Material
Aging and Disability Worksheet
Identify 2 or 3 issues faced by the aging population.
1. Health Issues
2. Economic Issues
Answer the following questions in 100 to 200 words each. Provide citations for all the sources you use.
What is ageism? How does ageism influence the presence of diversity in society? Ageism is prejudice and discrimination against the elderly. It affects the presence of diversity in society because when people become elderly, many companies no longer want to hire them. They think they are too old to be able to keep up with fast paced environments which the job may call for. Many companies pass up hiring experienced older people because the younger people will work for less money because they have less experience too. Also, being old is sometimes thought of as being slow or not being able to focus on the task at hand. Ageism seems to have people referring to elderly as being sickly whereas being young is thought of as being in good health.
What is the Age Discriminitation in Employment Act (ADEA)? How does the ADEA address issues for the aging population? The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) stops any amployer from refusing to hire or fire individuals because of their age. This act pertains to persons over the age of 40. The Age Discrimination in Employment Act specifically deals with issue pertaining to compensation, employee benefit plans, health coverage, and pensions. Any action that could prohibit an individual from receiving gainful employment based on his age. For example, if an employer hires a younger person instead of an older person simply becauase they think the younger person can fulfill the job duties better, then they violation of the ADEA.
What is being done to address the issues you identified? Congress has passed other laws to help lessen discrimination issues against the elderly. For example they have passed the “older workers benefit act”, as a way to further ensure the elderly will not be discriminated against. Also, every age discriminated case that is filed is required to have a 60 day investigation by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). Most of these cases are closed for administrative reasons or no reasonable cause. Some cases are resolved before the EEOC gets involved. The ADEA was put into place so employers would hire according to ability and not according to age.
Is the number of aging population expected to rise in numbers or decrease? The number of aging population is expected to increase in numbers. This means we will find new ways to deal with diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and other illnesses that affect older individuals. The growing number of aging population means there will be a greater demand of insurance companies for health coverage, medical services, and social programs that assist the elderly. The increased number of fertility has an impact on the number of aging population also. With increased effectiveness of medical treatments, individuals will have a greater life expectancy which in turn leads to larger numbers of individuals living to older ages.
What types of legislation may or may not be affected by the aging population? The government agencies that assist the elderly such as medicare, Medicaid, Social Security, and even the Veterans Administration may be affected by the aging population. For example, the money that funds these programs could be reduced or increased by the federal government depending on which way they see they need to be. Also, money used to pay for the health care workers may be affected. For example, some of the elderly people may need long term care. They may have nurses, family, or friends that help care for them in their home and the program that funds the home health care may be reduced to where these individuals would have to pay out of pocket for these services....
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