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Topics: Old age, Gerontology, Death Pages: 16 (5103 words) Published: September 1, 2013
The relationship between aging and the fear of death among senior citizens in Maslog, Sibulan

Ira Vaniz Lubiano
Herculana Salmago
David Rebojo

Silliman University
Psychology 41



This study explores the relationship between two central social-psychological phenomena: aging and the fear of death. These two topics have received considerable attention as separate factors in human relationships and having this kind of topic would be able to help us researchers, to know the correlations between aging and the fear of death among senior citizens.How fearful or fearless it is for the elderly in Maslog Sibulan to face death? According to Sigmund Freud, the fear of death has been studied thoroughly in the field of psychology and it is best understood through psychoanalytic terms. Although Freud was no stranger to the discussion of death, it is Ernest Becker a cultural anthropologist who challenged the field of psychoanalysis and claimed that it is perhaps the fear of death that is the one which drives our behavior (2000). Aging is part of the life cycle of human being and it is indeed the part where most people are likely anxious about dying anytime of the day, most especially knowing the fact that they are getting old.

Aging and the fear of death are very significant factors nowadays in our society that gives awareness to people about some facts regarding the relationship between the two variables. Aging and dying has been the norm to the community, it is understood to be as what is already expected to happen. According to Payutto (1996), by nature, aging and death are simple facts of life, it is a psychological mean of losing hope, and it is a frustrating aspirations and feeling of fear and anguish. Reaching the old age or the elderly stage of the human development may let people come to think about how they would be able to live their life to the fullest. Elderly people begin to be fearful about death particularly in their age, because during that stage in their life they already are suffering from some health and physical problem. The elders believe that as they come to age, they would be left behind by their loved ones and be left uncared. They also think about how they should live their lives now that they are alone and that how would they be able to live a life that is not too different from how they have lived their lives before. Some time in our life we try to ask ourselves why we fear death. Why we still have to age? Why we get anxious by knowing this reality, when aging and death is in fact an event where all people have to go through and experience. We know from the very beginning that all of us are going to age and die; all of us have to leave this world one of these days. Knowing these factors in life and having these things in mind makes us worry a lot and makes us anxious about these things. People have personal reasons why they do fear death and how they correlate aging with their fears of death, but for us, death and aging are happenings in our life that we could not stop or even prevent it from happening. Aging is part of our life cycle and death is part of our life. If there is such thing as beginning and an ending there is also such thing as life and death.

Review of Related Literature

The academic study of the aging process includes gerontology, a broad study of the aging process, the geriatrics, a specialty concentrating on the medical problems associatedwith growing older. Gerontology utilizes multidisciplinary concepts and approaches in an attempt to understand all aspects of the complex aging process. Three types of aging have contributed to gerontology; biological aging, psychological aging, and social aging (Saxon & Etten, 2002). Aging is a complex and fascinating process, one that we all experience. It is complex because of its many facets--physiological, emotional, cognitive, economic, and...

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Atchley, R. C. (2000). Social forces and aging: An introduction to social gerontology. USA: Wadsworth.
Cavanaugh, J. C. (1997). Adult development and aging. Dying and bereavement (3rd ed.) USA: Cole Publishing.
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Hooyman, N. R., Kiyak, A. H. (2002). Social gerontology: Multidisciplinary perspectives. Boston, MA: Pearson Education.
Kart, C. S., Kinney, J. M. (2001). The realities of aging: The dying process. Allyn & Bacon
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Santrock, J. (2006). Life-span development: Attitudes toward death at different points in the life span. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Saxon, S.V., Etten M. J. (2002). Physical change and aging: perspectives on aging. 4th ed. New York: Springer Publishing Company.
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