Sociology

Topics: Demography, Old age, Aging Pages: 1 (318 words) Published: September 9, 2013
MODULE 1 STUDY GUIDE:
BE PREPARED TO ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS FOR EXAM 1. YOU SHOULD HAVE SPECIFIC INFORMATION (DEFINITIONS, NUMBERS, EXAMPLES, ETC.) FROM THE TEXTBOOK READINGS, TO JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS. AS YOU READ THE CHAPTERS, TAKE NOTES THAT HELP YOU ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS. YOU CAN THEN USE THOSE NOTES TO HELP WHEN YOU ARE TAKING THE ACTUAL EXAM. What is ageism? Describe its origins, its expressions, and its impact on older people. Compare and contrast the normative, the interpretive, and the conflict perspectives. Give an example in gerontology of each type of theory. Describe the strengths and weaknesses of each perspective. Give an overview of the age stratification theory of aging. State its assumptions and its limitations. Describe the U.S. age stratification system, and discuss some of the effects of cohort flow on American society. How does this system shape our individual experience of aging? List the three demographic forces that shape a population's size and age structure. Refer to these forces to explain why some societies have older age structures than others. Discuss the effects of the Baby Boom on American society. How has this affected population aging? How will it affect population aging in the future? Describe the differences between the young‑old and the old‑old groups within the older population. Describe the different needs of these different age groups. Discuss male and female differences in health in later life. Discuss some of the reasons why men and women have different rates of illness. Discuss both intrinsic (biological) and extrinsic (environmental) sources of these differences. What is the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic aging? Discuss Strehler's four criteria for intrinsic aging. Give examples of each criterion. What effect does social class and economic inequality have on health in later life? Give examples of the effects. Describe programs and policies that attempt to mitigate the effects of...
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